Taxa: Formica | Linnaeus | Valid |

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        Genus
        Formica
        Author
        Linnaeus
        Status
        Original name/combination, Valid
        Rank
        Genus

        Valid Subordinate Taxa

        Family
        0
        Subfamily
        0
        Genus
        0
        Species
        0
        Subspecies
        0
        Records
        1486
        Specimen
        1786
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                    Taxon Status Relationship Type
                    Raptoformica Forel Unavailable, literature misspelling junior_synonym
                    Formica Linnaeus Original name/combination
                    Reptiformica Forel Unavailable, literature misspelling junior_synonym
                    Formica (Serviformica) Forel Subsequent name/combination junior_synonym
                    Serviformica Forel Original name/combination junior_synonym
                    Formica (Neoformica) Wheeler Subsequent name/combination junior_synonym
                    Neoformica Wheeler Original name/combination junior_synonym
                    Formica (Raptiformica) Forel Subsequent name/combination junior_synonym
                    Formicina Shuckard Original name/combination junior_synonym
                    Selviformica Forel Unavailable, literature misspelling junior_synonym
                    Captaformica Müller Unavailable, literature misspelling junior_synonym
                    Servifomica Forel Unavailable, literature misspelling junior_synonym
                    Coptoformica Müller Original name/combination junior_synonym
                    Formica (Formica) Linnaeus Subsequent name/combination
                    Raptiformica Forel Original name/combination junior_synonym
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                          Citation Annotation
                          Linnaeus C., 1758: 824. original description. Type: Formica rufa Linnaeus, designated by Curtis (1829)
                          Seifert B., 2000: 563, 565. key to species of subgenus Coptoformica Müller
                          Wilson E. O., Brown W. L., 1955: 114. synonymy, transfer of neogagates group to Formica s. str
                          Zhang J., 1989: 459. description, key to species
                          Bolton B., 2003: 127, 277, 290. systematic references, description, earliest appearance in fossil record
                          Betrem J. G., 1953: 323. key to species related to Formica rufa Linnaeus
                          Ashmead W. H., 1905: 384. placed in Formicidae, Formicinae, Formicini
                          Wheeler G. C., Wheeler J., 1968: 214. description of larva
                          Giebel C. G., 1856: 511. description
                          Forel A., 1899: 169. species of Mexico and Central America
                          Emery C., 1895: 772. placed in subfamily Camponotini, tribe Formicii
                          Agosti D., 1991: 295. placed in part in Formica genus-group
                          Forel A., 1912: 88, 89. placed in tribe Formicini, section Eucamponotinae of subfamily Camponotinae
                          Forel A., 1917: 250. placed in tribe Formicini, section Eucamponotinae of subfamily Camponotinae
                          Emery C., 1925: 240, 241. description, keyed, key to subgenera
                          Smith F., 1855: 99. description
                          Dalla Torre C. G. de, 1893: 289. catalog of world species
                          Dlussky G. M., 1981: 74. description
                          Jerdon T. C., 1854: 46. description
                          Jerdon T. C., 1854: 103. description
                          Mayr G., 1862: 653, 701. keyed, distribution
                          Creighton W. S., 1950: 356, 450, 456, 472, 496, 498, 510, 513, 515, 528. keyed, species of North America, taxonomic history, subgeneric classification, description, key to subgenera and species groups of North America, revision of species of rufa group, key to species of rufa group, microgyna group, exsecta group, fusca group in North America
                          Nylander W., 1856: 53. description
                          Mayr G., 1865: 119. description
                          Samouelle G., 1819: 496. description
                          Zetterstedt J. W., 1838: 333-476. description
                          Curtis J., 1854: 212. keyed
                          Smith F., 1858: 277. description, description of subdivisions
                          Smith F., 1851: 134. catalog of species of Britain
                          Spinola M., 1851: 153-560. description
                          Bloch M. E., 1776: 183. description of specimen in copal
                          Latreille P. A., 1809: 399. description
                          Mayr G., 1855: 286, 299, 300, 301, 303, 320, 325, 351, 353. species of Europe, keyed, description,key to species groups, keys to species
                          Fabricius J. C., 1804: 439. description
                          Walckenaer C. A., 1802: description
                          Forel A., 1915: 77. description, keyed, key to species of nominate subgenus of Switzerland
                          description
                          Schenck A., 1852: 16, 18, 19, 121. description, keyed, key to species
                          Fabricius J. C., 1793: 519. description
                          Jurine L., 1807: 319. description
                          Retzius A. J., 1783: 220. description
                          Gmelin J. F., 1790: 796. description
                          Latreille P. A., 1810: 444. description, designation of type species
                          Fabricius J. C., 1798: 572. description
                          Fabricius J. C., 1775: 832. description
                          Smith F., 1858: 216. description, synonymy
                          Westwood J. O., 1840: 158. description
                          Nylander W., 1846: 892. description
                          Jerdon T. C., 1851: 103, 119. description
                          Mayr G., 1861: 80. description, keyed, key to species
                          Fabricius J. C., 1787: 348. description
                          Forel A., 1874: 23, 25, 27, 50, 51. description, keyed, key to species of Switzerland
                          Olivier A.-G., 1791: 469, 487. description
                          Westwood J. O., 1840: 587. description
                          Lamarck J.-B., 1817: 603. description
                          Förster A., 1850: 74. description, keyed
                          Duméril C., 1860: 904. description
                          Heer O., 1850: 107. keyed
                          Schenck A., 1853: 189, 193. key to species of Nassau
                          Roger J., 1863: 12. catalog of world species
                          Linné C. a, 1767: 795. description
                          Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau A. L., 1835: 574. description
                          Meinert F., 1861: 308. description, keyed
                          Adlerz G., 1886: 257, 258, 282, 284. description, keyed, key to species of Sweden
                          André E., 1882: 175, 176. description, key to species of Europe and Algeria
                          White W. F., 1884: 279. description, list of species of Britain
                          Mayr G. L., 1863: 410. catalog of world species
                          Forel A., 1893: 165. placed in tribe Formicii, subfamily Camponotinae
                          Brodie P. B., 1895: 570. distribution of fossils
                          Forel A., 1878: 373. description, placed in second tribe of subfamily Camponotidae
                          McCook H. C., 1877: 296. description
                          Emery C., 1893: 643. key to species of North America
                          Forel A., 1894: 12. distribution
                          André E., 1874: 170, 182, 202. keyed, key to genera of Europe, catalog of species of Europe
                          Mayr G. L., 1868: 26, 47. keyed, description
                          Norton E., 1868: 59. description
                          Cresson E. T., 1887: 95, 96, 255. keyed, catalog of species of America north of Mexico
                          Smith F., 1859: 236. description
                          Dours J. A., 1874: 165. catalog of species of France, placed in subfamily Formicidae
                          Forel A., 1894: 402. key to species of India
                          Forel A., 1892: 222. keyed
                          Provancher L., 1881: 353, 354. description, keyed, key to species of Canada
                          André E., 1882: 129, 132, 135. keyed
                          Emery C., Forel A., 1879: 450. catalog of species of Europe
                          Smith F., 1871: 302. catalog of species of India and East Indies, placed in family Formicidae
                          Provancher L., 1883: 153-813. description, keyed, key to species of Quebec
                          André E., 1884: 20. description
                          Scudder S. H., 1891: 697. cataloged
                          Emery C., 1902: 723. keyed
                          Emery C., 1896: 189. keyed, treated as genus in subfamily Camponotinae
                          Bridwell J. C., 1899: 207. distribution
                          Mayr G. L., 1867: 49. keyed
                          Saunders E., 1880: 203. description, keyed, key to species of Britain
                          Wasmann E., 1891: 43. keyed
                          Saunders E., 1896: 391. description, keyed, key to species of Great Britain
                          Robbins W. W., 1910: 217. keyed
                          White W. F., 1895: 255. description, species of Britain
                          Escherich K., 1906: 232. keyed, key to species of Germany
                          Handlirsch A., 1907: distribution
                          Bingham C. T., 1903: 506. description, keyed, key to species of India, Ceylon and Burma
                          Emery C., 1909: 179, 180, 181, 182. description, key to species of Palearctic region, nominate subgenus keyed
                          Emery C., 1913: 578. description of fore wing venation
                          Yano M., 1912: 125, 126. description, key to species in Japan
                          Wasmann E., 1906: 111. keyed, key to species of Luxembourg
                          Wheeler W. M., 1908: 56. division into species groups, description of sanguinea, exsecta, rufa, pallidefula, fusca groups
                          Wheeler W. M., 1910: 143, 560, 570. keyed, list of species of North America, placed in tribe Formicii, subfamily Camponotinae
                          Ruzsky M., 1905: 102, 121, 314, 318. description, keyed, key to species of Russia
                          Donisthorpe H. S. J. K., 1911: 390. list of species of Britain
                          Bondroit J., 1910: 481, 482. keyed, key to species of Belgium
                          Wheeler W. M., 1911: 164. citation of type species
                          Meunier F., 1915: 213. description of fossil material
                          Wheeler W. M., 1916: 577-601. keyed, key to species of Connecticut
                          Wheeler W. M., 1913: 379, 381, 387, 388, 390, 394, 396, 397. description, description of species group, key to subgenera and groups, nominate subgenus keyed, keys to species of sanguinea, rufa, microgyna, exsecta, fusca groups
                          Krausse-Heldrungen A. H., 1911: 168. distribution
                          Stitz H., 1914: 3-111. descripton, keyed, key to species of central Europe
                          Emery C., 1916: 218, 219, 252, 257, 263, 265. description, keyed, key to species of Italy
                          Handlirsch A., 1908: distribution
                          Bondroit J., 1917: 174. key to species of rufa group of France
                          Donisthorpe H. S. J. K., 1915: 379. description, keyed, key to species of Britain
                          Seifert B., Schultz R., 2009: 258. key to species of Formica rufibarbis group, description of Formica (Serviformica) rufibarbis group
                          Wheeler W. M., 1913: 79. correction of type species designation
                          Burrill A. C., Smith M. R., 1919: 280, 283, 285, 286, 287. keyed, key to subgenera and species groups of Wisconsin, nominate subgenus keyed, key to species of nominate subgenus, key to species of exsecta group, rufa, fusca groups of Wisconsin
                          Bondroit J., 1918: 37, 38, 41, 44. keyed, key to species of France and Belgium, cinerea-subrufa group keyed
                          Escherich K., 1917: 348. keyed, key to species of Germany
                          Morice F. D., Durrant J. H., 1917: 442. synonymy
                          Bondroit J., 1920: 299. description, distribution
                          Karawajew W., 1927: 274, 275, 282. keyed, nominate subgenus keyed, key to species and infraspecific taxa of Ukraine
                          Betrem J. G., 1926: 213. key to species of nominate subgenus of Exaten, Netherlands
                          Wheeler W. M., 1922: 699, 700. keyed, nominate subgenus keyed, synonymy
                          Lomnicki J., 1925: 153, 154, 155, 163, 165, 169, 172. keyed, key to subgenera and species of Poland, nominate subgenus keyed
                          Forel A., 1920: 333. subgenera, species of Switzerland
                          Smith M. R., 1918: 25, 26. keyed, key to species of South Carolina
                          Wheeler W. M., 1922: 174. distribution
                          Müller G., 1923: 114, 133, 134, 141. keyed, key to subgenera, key to species of Venezia-Giulia and Dalmatia, nominate subgenus keyed, description of nominate subgenus
                          Kuznetzov-Ugamskij N. N., 1926: 93. key to species and infraspecific taxa of Turkestan
                          Hayes W. P., 1925: 71. distribution
                          Soudek S., 1922: 100. keyed, key to species and infraspecific taxa of Czechoslovakia
                          Arnol'di K. V., 1933: 594-605. keyed, key to species of Soviet Union
                          Kuznetzov-Ugamskij N. N., 1928: 7. keyed
                          Müller G., 1923: 74. description
                          Teranishi C., 1930: 25. keyed, nominate subgenus keyed
                          Karawajew W., 1936: 173, 174, 219, 220, 238. description, keyed, key to species and infraspecific taxa of Ukraine, description of nominate subgenus
                          Piton L., Théobald N., 1935: 92. description
                          Menozzi C., 1939: 321. key to species and infraspecific taxa of Tibet and the Himalayas
                          Théobald N., 1937: 473. description
                          Yoshioka H., 1939: 68. distribution
                          Clausen R., 1938: 294. description
                          Teranishi C., 1934: 38. key to subgenera of Asia, nominate subgenus keyed
                          Novák V., Sadil J. V., 1941: 98, 103, 104. keyed, key to subgenera, species and infraspecific taxa of central Europe, nominate subgenus keyed
                          Buren W. F., 1944: 292, 299. keyed, key to species and infraspecific taxa of Iowa
                          Holgersen H., 1942: 22. keyed
                          Cole A. C., 1942: 373, 375. keyed, key to species and infraspecific taxa of Utah
                          Cole A. C., 1940: 65, 72, 73. description, keyed, key to species and infraspecific taxa of Great Smoky Mountains National Park
                          Smith M. R., 1947: 601, 620. description, keyed, list of species of nominate subgenus of the United States, key to species groups
                          van Boven J., 1947: 186, 187. keyed, key to species of Belgium
                          Zimmermann S., 1935: 53. species of South Dalmatia
                          Holgersen H., 1944: 200. keyed
                          Gregg R. E., 1945: 469, 472. keyed, key to species and infraspecific taxa of area of Chicago, Illinois, nominate subgenus keyed
                          Holgersen H., 1943: 173, 175. keyed, key to species of Norway
                          Morris R. L., 1944: 216. species of Indiana
                          Van Pelt A. F., 1948: 65, 66. keyed, key to species and infraspecific taxa of Alachua County, Florida
                          Donisthorpe H. S. J. K., 1946: 91. species of Britain
                          Donisthorpe H. S. J. K., 1943: 646. citation of type species, placed in tribe Formicini, subfamily Formicinae
                          Chapman J. W., Capco S. R., 1951: 197. species of Asia
                          Trager J. C., MacGown J. A., Trager M. D., 2007: 610-637. key to species of pallidefulva group
                          Smith M. R., 1951: 778-875. catalog of species of America north of Mexico, catalog of species of America north of Mexico of nominate subgenus
                          Benson R. B., Ferrière C., Richards O. W., 1947: 207. proposed suppression of Latreille (1810) designation of Formica herculanea Linnaeus as type species in favor of Formica rufa Linnaeus
                          Sweeney R. C. H., 1950: 70, 75. keyed, key to species of Britain
                          Nasonov N. V., 1889: 15, 51, 52, 53, 61. keyed, species of Russia, placed in Camponotidae, subfamily Formicidae, family Formicariae
                          Maavara V., 1953: 30. keyed
                          Kusnezov N., 1954: 256. description
                          Seifert B., 2002: 250, 267. description of cinerea group, key to species of cinerea group (workers)
                          Wheeler G. C., Wheeler J., 1953: 128, 157, 160. description, keyed, description of nominate subgenus
                          Benson R. B., Nixon G. E. J., Perkins J. F., Richards O. W., 1954: 318. support for designation of Formica rufa Linnaeus, 1761 as type species of Formica Linnaeus
                          Yarrow I. H. H., 1954: 316. proposal to designate Formica rufa Linnaeus, 1761 as type species
                          Hemming F., 1954: 316. proposal to designate Formica rufa Linnaeus, 1761 as type species
                          Cook T. W., 1953: 462. description, description of nominate subgenus, quotation of key to species groups of Smith (1947)
                          Yarrow I. H. H., 1954: 229, 230, 239, 240, 241. description of fusca group, key to subgenera and species groups of British Isles, key to species of the fusca group of Britain
                          Stitz H., 1939: 428. description, keyed, key to subgenera of Germany and areas bordering the Baltic Sea, nominate subgenus keyed, key to species of nominate subgenus in Germany and areas bordering the Baltic Sea
                          Yarrow I. H. H., 1955: 3. description of rufa group
                          ICZN , 1956: 217, 218. type species designation, placed on Official List of Generic Names in Zoology
                          Collingwood C. A., 1958: 85, 88, 89. keyed, key to species of Britain
                          Collingwood C. A., 1964: 105, 109. keyed, key to species of Britain
                          Dlussky G. M., 1964: 1027. key to subgenera of Palearctic region, nominate subgenus keyed
                          Bernard F., 1967: 411. description, keyed, key to subgenera of western Europe, nominate subgenus keyed, key to species of nominate subgenus of western Europe
                          Dlussky G. M., 1967: 236. description, keyed, key to subgenera, nominate subgenus keyed, key to species of nominate subgenus of the USSR
                          Betrem J. G., 1960: 52, 75. taxonomic history of rufa group, key to species of rufa group
                          Cole A. C., 1966: 19, 22. keyed, key to species of Nevada Test Site
                          Dlussky G. M., 1967: 80, 86. key to species of Baltic amber, discussion of paleontological history
                          Dlussky G. M., 1967: 69, 74. key to species of Baltic amber, discussion of paleontological history
                          Gregg R. E., 1963: 808. keyed, key to subgenera of Colorado, nominate subgenus keyed, key to species groups of nominate subgenus in Colorado, key to species of fusca group in Colorado, key to species of rufa group in Colorado, key to species of microgyna group in Colorado, key to species of exsecta group in Colorado
                          Gößwald K., Schmidt G., 1959: 39. description of species groups of wood ants
                          Dlussky G. M., 1965: 39. key to species of Asia
                          Gregg R. E., 1969: 41, 42. description, description of nominate subgenus
                          Ross H. H., Rotramel G. L., LaBerge W. E., 1971: 8, 13, 15, 18. keyed
                          Hölzel E., 1966: 8. catalog of species of Austria
                          Terayama M., 2009: 202, 221, 224. description, keyed, list of species of Taiwan, key to species of Taiwan
                          Buren W. F., 1968: 39. synonymy
                          Baroni Urbani C., 1971: 217, 224. catalog of species of Italy
                          Wheeler G. C., Wheeler J., 1963: 326. keyed, key to subgenera of North Dakota, nominate subgenus keyed, key to species groups of nominate subgenus, key to species of rufa group, key to species of microgyna group, key to species of exsecta group, key to species of fusca group
                          Letendre M., Huot L., 1972: 118, 127. description of microgyna group
                          Dlussky G. M., Pisarski B., 1971: 146, 173, 204, 213. description, description of nominate subgenus, key to species of Poland
                          Boven J. K. A. van, 1977: 128, 129, 152, 153, 154, 165. keyed, key to subgenera of Belgium, nominate subgenus keyed, key to species of nominate subgenus
                          Pisarski B., 1975: 40. catalog of species of Poland
                          Francoeur A., 1973: 35, 51, 83, 106, 115, 140, 181, 207, 228, 248, 253, 263, 272, 280, 287, 292, 299, 305. description of fusca group, description of cinerea complex, description of neoclara complex, description of subpolita complex, description of lepida complex, description of subsericea complex, description of fusca complex, description of neorufibarbis complex, description of rufibarbis complex, description of subcyanea complex, description of occidua complex, description of sibylla complex, key to species of fusca group
                          Baltazar C. R., 1966: 264. cataloged, catalog of species of the Philippines
                          Brown W. L., 1973: 161-185. distribution, synonymy
                          Wheeler G. C., Wheeler J., 1977: 27. key to species groups of North Dakota, key to species of fusca group
                          Talbot M., 1976: 246. distribution
                          Tarbinsky Yu. S., 1976: 217. keyed, key to species of Kirghizia
                          Wheeler G. C., Wheeler J., 1973: 162. keyed, species of Deep Canyon, California
                          Kupyanskaya A. N., 1980: 95-108. key to subgenera, nominal subgenus keyed, key to species of nominal subgenus of Soviet Far East
                          Collingwood C. A., 1978: 88, 89, 93. keyed, key to species of Iberian Peninsula
                          Snelling R. R., Buren W. F., 1985: 71. key to species of sanguinea group of North America
                          Douwes P., 1981: 81. key to species of rufa group
                          Douwes P., 1981: 217. principal components analysis of morphology in rufa group
                          Gößwald K., 1981: 5, 6, 8. description, key to subgenera of Europe, nominate subgenus keyed, key to species of nominate subgenus in Europe
                          Kutter H., 1977: 184, 235, 236, 237, 238, 255, 258, 259, 260. description, keyed, key to subgenera of Switzerland, nominate subgenus keyed, description of nominate subgenus, key to species of nominate subgenus in Switzerland
                          Kim B.-J., Kim C.-W., 1983: 58. description, key to species of Korea
                          Paik W. H., 1983: 71. keyed
                          Allred D. M., 1982: 444, 446. keyed, key to species in Utah
                          Arnol'di K. V., Dlussky G. M., 1978: 519-556. keyed, key to species of European part of USSR
                          Smith D. R., 1979: 1323-1467. cataloged, catalog of species of America north of Mexico
                          Deyrup M. A., Johnson C., Wheeler G. C., Wheeler J., 1989: 99. list of species of Florida
                          Barquín Diez J., 1981: 360, 361, 362, 447. keyed, species of Canary Islands
                          Dlussky G. M., Sojunov O. S., Zabelin S. I., 1990: 273. keyed, key to species of Turkmenistan
                          Collingwood C. A., 1979: 86, 111, 112, 114, 116. description, keyed, key to species of Fennoscandia and Denmark
                          Douwes P., 1979: 187. phenetic analysis of rufa group
                          Agosti D., Collingwood C. A., 1987: 280, 285. keyed, key to species of Balkan region
                          Mackay W. P., Vinson S. B., 1989: 15. published keys for species identification
                          Agosti D., Bolton B., 1990: 150, 155. description, keyed
                          Gößwald K., 1987: 97. history of taxonomy of rufa group
                          MacKay W. P., Lowrie D., Fisher A., MacKay E. E., Barnes F., Lowrie D., 1988: 79-131. keyed; key to species groups of Los Alamos County, New Mexico; key to species of fusca group of Los Alamos County, New Mexico; key to species of neogagates group of Los Alamos County, New Mexico; key to species of rufa group of Los Alamos County, New Mexico; key to species of sanguinea group of Los Alamos County, New Mexico
                          Dlussky G. M., Fedoseeva E. B., 1988: 70-144. placed in tribe Formicini, subfamily Formicinae, distribution through geological time
                          Petrov I. Z., Collingwood C. A., 1993: 353. key to species of cinerea complex in Europe
                          Bolton B., 1994: 222. keyed, placed in tribe Formicini, subfamily Formicinae
                          Kupyanskaya A. N., 1990: 258. description, description of nominate subgenus, keyed, key to species of Soviet Far East
                          Hölldobler B., Wilson E. O., 1990: 732. placed in list of genera of tribes Formicini and Lasiini, subfamily Formicinae, keyed
                          DuBois M. B., LaBerge W. E., 1988: 133-156. species of Illinois
                          Wheeler G. C., Wheeler J., 1985: 258. placed in tribe Formicini of subfamily Formicinae
                          Arakelian G. R., 1994: 153. keyed, key to species of Armenia
                          Jaffé Carbonell K., 2004: 148. keyed
                          Carpenter F. M., 1992: 655. distribution in fossil record
                          Tiwari R. N., 1999: 82. species of southern India
                          Kim B.-J., Kim K.-G., Ryu D.-P., Kim J. H., 1995: 106. keyed
                          Wu J., 1990: 4. key to species of China
                          Xia Y., Zheng Z., 1997: 65. distribution
                          Tinaut A., Martínez Ibáñez M. D., 1998: 36. key to species of rufa, sanguinea and exsecta groups in Iberian Peninsula
                          Seifert B., 1991: 4. morphological analysis of rufa group
                          Tang J., Li S., Huang E., Zhang B., Chen Y., 1995: 94, 103. description, keyed, key to species of economic importance of China
                          Dlussky G. M., 1997: 55, 59. keyed, species of Baltic amber
                          Wheeler G. C., Wheeler J., 1986: 138. keyed, key to species groups of Nevada, key to species of neogagates group of Nevada, key to species of rufa group of Nevada, key to species of fusca group of Nevada, key to species of sanguinea group of Nevada
                          Mackay W., Mackay E., 2002: 400. description, keyed, key to species groups of New Mexico, key to species of exsecta group of New Mexico, key to species of fusca group of New Mexico, key to species of neogagates group of New Mexico, key to species of pallidefulva group of New Mexico, key to species of rufa group of New Mexico, key to species of sanguinea group of New Mexico
                          Pisarski B., 1981: 17-25. description, variation
                          Fernández F., Sendoya S., 2004: 10, 24. list of species of Neotropical region
                          Zhou S.-Y., 2001: 255. description, keyed, species of Guangxi
                          Poole R. W., 1996: 793. checklist of species of North America
                          Morisita M., Kubota M., Onoyama K., Ogata K., Terayama M., Yamauchi K., Sonobe R., Kondoh M., 1991: 56. description, keyed, key to species of Japan
                          Fernández F., 2003: 299-306. description
                          Wu J., Wang C., 1995: 214. description, keyed, key to species of China
                          Yoshimura M., Onoyama K., 2002: 425. keyed
                          Goropashnaya A. V., Fedorov V. B., Pamilo P., 2004: 201. phylogenetic analysis of relationships among species of Formica rufa group
                          Chang Y.-D., He D.-H., 2002: 51. key to species of northwest China
                          Terayama M., Hashimoto Y., 1996: 4. description
                          Imai H. T., Kihara A., Kondoh M., Kubota M., Kuribayashi S., Ogata K., Onoyama K., Taylor R. W., Terayama M., Tsukii Y., Yoshimura M., Ugawa Y., 2003: 224. keyed
                          Palacio E. E., Fernández F., 2003: 233-260. keyed
                          Radchenko A., 2005: 160, 187, 188, 189, 190. keyed, key to species of North Korea
                          Ward P. S., 2005: 24, 29. keyed
                          Cagniant H., 2006: 195. species of Morocco
                          Dlussky G. M., 2008: 50. description
                          Dlussky G. M., 2008: 504. description
                          Seifert B., 1996: 352. keyed, key to species of central Europe
                          Alatorre-Bracamontes C. E., Vásquez-Bolaños M., 2010: 18. description
                          Atanasov N., Dlussky G. M., 1992: 310. description, keyed, key to species of Bulgaria, description of nominate subgenus
                          Seifert B., Schultz R., 2009: 73, 76, 78. morphometric analysis of relationships among cinerea group, rufibarbis group, subpilosa group, morphometric analysis of subpilosa group, key to species of subpilosa group, description of subpilosa group
                          Petrov I. Z., 2006: 104, 110. keyed, key to species of Serbia and Montenegro
                          Fisher B. L., Cover S. P., 2007: 194. description, keyed
                          Karmaly K. A., Narendran T. C., 2006: 166. description
                          Karaman M. G., 2011: 141. catalog of species of Montenegro, catalog of species of nominate subgenus of Montenegro
                          Dlussky G. M., Putyatina T. S., 2014: 254. description
                          Wang W., Shen Z., Zhao Y., 2009: 210. description, keyed, key to species of Hubei
                          Yamane S., Ikudome S., Terayama M., 1999: 831. description, key to species of Nansei Islands, Japan
                          Bernasconi C., Cherix D., Seifert B., Pamilo P., 2011: 41. population genetic and phylogenetic analysis of relationships among species of rufa group of Switzerland
                          Dlussky G. M., Rasnitsyn A. P., Perfilieva K. S., 2015: 137. description
                          Seifert B., 2007: 368. keyed, key to species of north and central Europe
                          Coovert G. A., 2005: 21, 132, 135, 136, 139, 145, 147, 151, 155. description, keyed, key to species groups of America north of Mexico, description of neogagates group, key to species of neogagates group of northeastern North America, description of pallidefulva group, key to species of pallidefulva group of northeastern North America, description of fusca group, key to species of fusca group of Ohio, description of exsecta group, key to species of exsecta group of northeastern North America, description of rufa group, key to species rufa and microgyna groups of Ohio, description of microgyna group, description of sanguinea group, key to species of sanguinea group of northeastern North America
                          Czechowski W., Radchenko A. G., Czechowska W., 2002: 200. keyed, key to species of Poland
                          Blaimer B. B., Brady S. G., Schultz T. R., Lloyd M. W., Fisher B. L., Ward P. S., 2015: 6. placed in tribe Formicini
                          Glasier J. R. N., Nielsen S., Acorn J. H., Borysenko L. H., Radtke T., 2016: 43. list of species of Saskatchewan
                          Collecting Method # of Records
                          Berlese funnel 1
                          net/hand 1
                          ultraviolet light/blacklight trap 8
                          Malaise trap 28
                          net 2
                          bait trap 1
                          sweeping 28
                          pitfall trap 146
                          maxi winkler litter extraction 2
                          flight intercept trap 2
                          none specified 1170
                          trap 10
                          hand 4
                          Winkler extraction 9
                          yellow pan trap 13
                          Occurence
                          Cole Jr., A. C. (Arthur Charles) [1], Kennedy, C. H. (Clarence Hamilton) [2], Dolan, A. C. (Amelia C.) [3], Ivanov, K. Y. (Kal Y.) [4], Perry, K. I. (Kayla I.) [5], Herms, D. A. (Daniel A.) [6], Coovert, G. A. (Gary A.) [7], Fullerton, S. M. (Stuart M.) [8], Creighton, W. S. (William Steel) [9], Dasch, C. [10], Pucci, T. M. (Thomas M.) [11], Webster, T. H. [12], Proffitt, M. R. (Max R.) [13], Hine, J. S. (James Stewart) [14], Coovert, H. K. [15], none specified [16], Kennedy [17], Zahrobsky [18], Creighton [19], Thatcher, T. D. [20], Smith, M. R. (Marion R.) [21], Miller, A. C. [22], Mosser, G. K. (Greg) [23], Talbot, M. (Mary) [24], Beall, G. (Geoffrey) [25], Duncan, C. D. (Carl D.) [26], Hoffman, W. E. (William E.) [27], Smith, U. G. [28], Brivio [29], Pallister, J. C. (John C.) [30], Campbell, K. U. (Kaitlin U.) [31], King, R. L. [32], Rayburn, B. S. [33], Amaral, P. (Paloma) [34], Talbot [35], Lehar, V. (Victoria) [36], Kelly, S. L. (Sandor L.) [37], Uppstrom, K. (Kaitlin) [38], Coleman, B. K. (Barbara K.) [39], Dahlem, G. A. (Gregory A.) [40], Hendrickson, G. O. [41], Clebsch, H. (Hans) [42], Lonmander, H. (Hans) [43], Knull, J. N. (Josef Nissley) [44], Wesson Jr., L. G. (Laurence Goddard) [45], Viereck, H. L. (Henry Lorenz) [46], Buren, W. [47], Osburn, R. C. (Raymond Carroll) [48], Rings [49], Knull, D. J. (Dorothy Johnson) [50], K., R. F. [51], K., C. H. [52], Meszoros, G. (Gary) [53], Lundgren, R. W. (Randall W.) [54], Kelly, T. T. [55], Mallis [56], Bruce [57], DeLong, D. M. (Dwight Moore) [58], Boone, R. S. [59], Neff, E. (Erik) [60], Cole [61], Penniman, A. J. [62], Blanchard, F. (Frederick) [63], Gillaspy, J. E. [64], Stahl, C. F. (Corwin Floyd) [65], Wheeler [66], Darlington, P. J. (Philip J.) [67], Adams, C. C. [68], Jones [69], Dasch, B. (Betty) [70], Perez, I. [71], Welling, E. C. (Eduardo C.) [72], Wakeland, C. [73], Uppstrom, K. A. (Kaitlin A.) [74], Nicolay, A. [75], Mann, W. M. (William M.) [76], Mills, J. (Jeff) [77], Perry, G. [78], Rings, R. W. (Roy W.) [79], Bartolotta, M. [80], Freeman, K. E. (Klaire E.) [81], Bryant, J. [82], Teraguchi, S. (Sonja) [83], Wenzel, H. A. (Harry A.) [84], Teraguchi, S. E. (Sonja Edith) [85], Parshley, H. M. [86], Soehngen, U. (Ulf) [87]